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Planting for Butterflies, Lieveke Noyons, Gauteng.
South Africa has over 800 species of butterflies. This little booklet by Lieveke Noyons is a useful introduction to these most beautiful creatures. Pictures as well as distribution maps.
Most people love butterflies. Unlike other insects, they are not regarded with distaste and are not referred to as "creepy crawlies". Adults do not sting or bite and do not attack crops or gardens. Only when females lay large numbers of eggs on domestic crops do the resulting congregation of caterpillars become a problem. The African clouded yellow’s larvae feed on lucerne. Playboys feed on stone fruit trees, while citrus swallowtail feed on citrus trees.
Butterflies and moths belong to the insect order lepidoptera, meaning “scaly wings”. The sub-order rhopalocera (clubhorned) includes butterflies whose club-shaped antennae are different to those of moths. A moth’s antennae are usually blunt, tapered or feathered. Another distinguishing feature is that butterflies are diurnal (active by day) while moths are usually nocturnal. Butterflies are therefore usually more brightly coloured than moths. They usually rest with their wings folded vertically over their backs, whereas moths fold their wings flat or horizontally over their bodies. They are also able to fold their forewings over their hindwings, flattened out along its body. Lastly, butterflies do not possess a frenulum, the wing-coupling mechanism which moths use in flight.
Planting for Wildlife is a non-profit organisation that seeks to:
• Publish information on wildlife
• Consult on eco-friendly gardens
• Help establish conservancies, sanctuaries and nurseries
• Rehabilitate ecologically disturbed areas, where invited to do so.
• Facilitate contact between experts in different ecology-related fields
• Promote eco-tourism
• Provide lists of eco-friendly products, and where to acquire them.
• Act as a facilitator of contacts, nationally and internationally, based on similar interests.
• Assist the young and the infirm to participate in the activities of the group.
• Develop a positive approach to dealing with environmental and conservation issues.
Contct: Lieveke Noyons
Planting for Wildlife
Box 737 Randburg 2125
+27 (11) 658 0173 telephone
+27 (11) 658 0173 fax
+27 (82) 458 0129 cell
2213/2%Last update: 2014-05-10 22:25
Author: Alan McIver
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