Information and history

ID #3824

Grahamstown, Settler Country, Eastern Cape.

Established in 1812 as a military outpost, it had fewer than 12 houses when the 1820 Settlers arrived. The many Georgian and military-style building that followed reflect their architectural heritage. Rhodes University stands on the site of the old Drostde. Behind the University on Gunfire Hill is Fort Selwyn, one of a series of signal towers that stretched as far as the Fish River. Also on this hill is the 1820 Settlers Monument, which annually hosts the National Festival of Arts (also known as the Standard Bank Arts Festival). The Albany and 1820 Settlers Memorial Museums have many settler exhibits. The Cathedral of St Michael and St George is the oldest Anglican Church in South Africa. The nearby Thomas Baines Nature Reserve has white rhino, buffalo and zebra. It is named after Thomas Baines, artist and engineer under whose supervision many of the passes and bridges in the mountains between the coast and the hinterland were built. One of the first newspapers in the country, Grocott’s Daily Mail was published here. Dr Atherstone, a doctor in Grahamstown, positively identified the first diamond found in South Africa.  The world-renowned JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology is one of the departments in Rhodes University. It is named after Professor JLB Smith who first identified the coelacanth, the so-called “living fossil” commonly referred to as “old fourlegs.” It was captured by a trawler off the Chalumna River near East London.

Grahamstown is in the N2 east of Port Elizabeth, which is at the intersection of the N2 with the N10.  AQGrahamstown

attached files: Town Hall_1.jpg, Facades in High Street 2_1.jpg, Dick King Memorial Plaque_1.jpg, Commemoration Methodist Church_1.jpg, Cathedral of St Michael and St George_1.jpg, Facades in High Street 1_1.jpg

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Last update: 2014-02-28 16:09
Author: Alan McIver
Revision: 1.4

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